Acne: FAQ

  1. What is Acne?

Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes blemishes and spots, particularly on the face, back, shoulders, neck, chest, and upper arms.

It generally happens during puberty, once the sebaceous glands activate, but it can happen at any age. It isn’t dangerous, but it can leave skin scars. The biggest dangers with Acne is the social, mental, and emotional turmoil it can present to people who suffer from acne as well as the life long disfiguration from the scarring that can occur.

Acne is a skin condition that mainly occurs when your hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne is most common among teens, even though it affects people of all ages.

2. What are the causes of Acne?

Diet

Studies indicate that specific dietary factors, including skim milk and carbohydrate-rich foods — like bread, bagels, and processors — may worsen acne. Chocolate has long been suspected of making acne worse. A small study of 14 men with acne showed that consuming chocolate was related to a worsening of acne symptoms.

Hormones

Hormonal acne is generally known only as acne. Another term for the skin condition is acne vulgaris. It’s occasionally called hormonal acne due to how in which the skin problem develops in response to hormonal fluctuations, and notably a rise in androgens, such as testosterone.

The development in androgen levels can trigger a process of greater sebum production, changes in skin cell activity, inflammation, and colonization of their hair follicles with a bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). This can cause acne.

Greasy or oily substances

You may develop acne where your skin comes into contact with oily lotions and creams or using grease in the workplace.

Genetics

While there isn’t a gene mutation directly linked to acne, there’s a trend for acne to run in families, and certain genetic mutations may increase your chance of developing acne. Many things can cause acne, from how your immune system responds to acne-related bacteria to hormones. Some families can have a hereditary tendency to overproduce dead skin cells, which might result in more clogged pores, which can cause acne. Or, a family line may have a hereditary tendency to overproduce sebum, leading to oily skin which can trap bacteria in pores, leading to more frequent breakouts. In addition, as some types of breakouts are hormonal, you may be genetically predisposed to producing extra androgen.

3. Is there any difference between pimples and acne?

Pimples and Acne are associated with each other significantly. However, it should be understood that you cannot be confused or replaced by the other. Acne is a skin disorder whereas Pimple is among those symptoms as well. The onset of Acne is brought by clogging of the skin follicles frequently due to excess release of oil in the human body or from the dust in the atmosphere. Usually, it seems on the face, but it could also be discovered on chest, neck, shoulders, back, and arms.

4. How to prevent acne?

  1. Make sure that you wash your face twice a day
  2. Keep your scalp clean and dandruff free
  3. Avoid harsh scrubbing
  4. No popping and picking at pimples
  5. Carry sunscreen in your bag
  6. Avoid oily junk food

5. What are the different kinds of Acne?

We can simply classify acne into Inflammatory and Non-inflammatory acne.

Non-inflammatory acne:Whiteheads and blackheads are types of noninflammatory acne lesions. Noninflammatory blemishes usually do not cause swelling and are not so debilitating.

Whiteheads: The medical term for whiteheads are closed comedones. They often have a white, circular center surrounded by a reddish halo. A hair will occasionally emerge in the center of a whitehead, or it could appear to be trapped inside the blemish. The skin around a whitehead may seem to be tight or wrinkled, especially when the whitehead is large or especially increased. They ordinarily do not cause scarring.

Blackheads: Blackheads are also called open comedones. The skin around a blackhead usually appears normal, while the center of the blackhead is darker than the surrounding area. The coloration is not a consequence of trapped dirt. Blackheads are whiteheads that have widened and opened.

Inflammatory acne:Inflammatory acne is more severe than noninflammatory acne, and this type is more likely to cause complications, such as scarring or pitting. Let us understand them by their minor-to-mild forms.

Papules: Papules are lumps under your skin’s surface. They are strong, tender, pink, and raised, and the skin around a papule is generally slightly swollen and red. Contrary to whiteheads, papules don’t have any observable center. Unlike blackheads, the pores of a papule don’t seem to be widened. Papules grow when whiteheads or blackheads trigger so much aggravation that they harm some of the surrounding skin. The damage results in inflammation.

Pustules: They are larger, tender bumps with a specified circular center. The center is filled with whitish or yellow pus, and the bulge has a pink or reddish base. Immune cells and bacterial cells accumulate to form this pus. Pustules typically look like much larger and more inflamed whiteheads.

6. What do you mean by cystic acne?

While acne is very common, cystic acne is relatively rare and more severe. The principal points behind cystic acne are the hormonal fluctuations during puberty, but it might occur in elderly folks, too. Cystic acne is not caused by nuts, chocolate, or greasy foods, nor by poor hygiene or masturbation. Cystic acne may be painful, in addition to emotionally distressing because of its impacts on facial appearance.

7. Which are natural remedies?

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is produced by fermenting apple cider, or the unfiltered juice from pressed apples. Like other vinegar, it is famous for its ability to combat various kinds of bacteria and viruses. Apple cider vinegar includes several organic acids that have been proven to kill P. acnes. Specifically, succinic acid has been demonstrated to curb inflammation caused by P. acnes, Which Might prevent scarring

Tea Tree Oil

Implementing tea tree oil into the skin can help reduce swelling and redness. Tea tree oil is a natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, which means that it might kill P. acnes, the bacteria that causes acne. Tea tree oil’s anti-inflammatory properties mean it can also lessen the redness and swelling of pimples.

Apply Green Tea

Green tea is very high in antioxidants, and drinking it may promote decent health. There are many studies researching the benefits of drinking green tea when it comes to acne, but implementing it directly to the skin has been demonstrated to help.

This is probably because the flavonoids and tannins in green tea are known to help fight bacteria and reduce inflammation, and this can be two Chief causes of acne.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera is a natural antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory, meaning it may lessen the appearance of acne and protect against acne breakouts. Aloe vera includes lots of water and is a great moisturizer, therefore it’s particularly suitable for people who get dry skin from additional anti-acne products.

Honey

Honey was used in the treatment of skin conditions, such as acne, for thousands of years. It contains many antioxidants that could help clear debris and waste from clogged pores. Doctors use honey in wound dressings because of its antibacterial and wound-healing properties.

8. What are the Treatments and Medicines?

Topical medicines

Retinoids and retinoid-like drugs – These come as creams, lotions, and gels. You employ this medication in the day, starting with three times every week, then daily as the skin becomes accustomed to it.

Antibiotics – These work by killing excess skin bacteria and reducing redness. For the first month or two of treatment, you might utilize either a retinoid and an antibiotic, with the antibiotic applied in the daytime along with the retinoid in the day. The antibiotics are usually combined with benzoyl peroxide to reduce the odds of developing antibiotic resistance. Topical antibiotics alone aren’t suggested.

Salicylic acid and azelaic acid – It has antibacterial properties. A 20 percent azelaic acid cream seems to be as effective as many traditional acne remedies when used twice a day for at least a couple of weeks.

Dapsone – Dapsone (Aczone) 5% gel twice daily is advised for inflammatory acne, especially in adult females. Side effects include redness and dryness.

Oral medicines

Antibiotics – Usually the first choice for treating acne is tetracycline — like minocycline or doxycycline — or a macrolide. Oral antibiotics should be used for the shortest period possible to prevent antibiotic resistance. Oral antibiotics are best employed with topical retinoids and benzoyl peroxide. Antibiotics may cause side effects, such as an upset stomach and nausea.

Anti-androgen agents – The drug spironolactone (Aldactone) could be considered for women and teenage women if oral antibiotics aren’t helping. Potential side effects include breast tenderness and debilitating periods.

Isotretinoin Isotretinoin (Amnesteem, Claravis, Sotret) is a highly effective drug for people whose acute acne doesn’t respond to other treatments. Oral isotretinoin is very powerful. You can buy Isotretinoin on our website at the best price.

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